This work shows different forms of sanctions for youth crime. Youth crime is treated in a different way than adult crime. The regulation, how to deal with youth crime, is defined at the Juvenile Court Act (Jugendgerichtsgesetz). In 1988 diversion, as a possible reaction for youth crime, is introduced by the Juvenile Court Act in Austria. But to what extent diversion is more effective against youth crime than imprisonment, has not been statistically tested.
In this work the advantages and disadvantages of diversion and imprisonment are compared. Discussing different arguments illustrate, which method is more effective against youth crime and what implications for the juvenile delinquents can be expected.