The aim of this thesis is primarily addressing the potential influence of domestic abuse on children in the role of witnesses. Therefore, some explanations concerning the importance of parental socialisation and education serve as a basis. Besides, it gets necessary to describe the term, origin and types of domestic violence. Later on the reader gains insight into some specific theories of developmental psychology. Furthermore the discussion focuses on a study where children expierence the violent assaults towards their mother. Some adequate measures regarding prevention and victim protection are shown in conclusion.