This thesis deals with the usage of 3D acceleration sensors in the area of robotics. Before all, there is a theoretical part about sensors where the topics industrial robots, the application areas of sensors as well as the principles of sensors are addressed. Next, a dedicated microcontroller system is presented, where software for measuring 3D acceleration values running on an embedded system with an acceleration sensor is implemented. A survey of the hardware of the microcontroller system is given, followed by a presentation of the hardware building blocks that constitute the hardware of the embedded system. After a short overview over the program flow, the hardware building blocks of the system as well as in their general purpose as in their special usage in the developed program are described. When doing that, the special function calls used in the developed measuring program are presented in the second subchapter of each section of the hardware building blocks description. After that, a nearer examination of the STM Library as the essential abstraction layer for programming the microcontroller is done. In the next step, the very program executing the 3D acceleration measurement and its way of operation are described. Finally, the measurement value display module enabling a presentation of the measurement values on a PC is described.