The present scientific study covers the topic “ressource activating care in persons with motor dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury and their emotional liability”. The goal is to support affected Persons with motivational techniques, so that patients can face their deficiencies and learn to accept their body. Therefore, the emphasis is based on recovery, preserval and promotion of independence – this principle is modelled after the “Pflegemodell der Selbstfürsorge” by Orem.
The Author exposes the following issues: How does a spinal cord injury impact on the patients daily life? - part of this question is the origin of spinal cord lesions and it's influence on body image and quality of life as well as possibilities for care workers to support patients and encourage their ressources. Moreover, research on topics like nutrition, digestion, self catheterism and coping is done.
The following conclusions can be drawn: Nursing staff should have extraordinary specialist
knowledge as well as social skills to lead patients into autonomy. Care workers must know about the psychological and physical factors of changes of body image – this is critical to provide best possible support for affected persons during coping, since loss of body function and control is accompanied by negative emotions. Along with guidance of patients and kinsmen, nursing staff is essential for counseling, support and attendance of persons with spinal cord lesions and their family background.