In the time of World War II every second patient with combustion of more than 30% burned body surface died. Today burn injuries are placed number three as the most common reasons for accidents worldwide. In Germany around 20.000 people get burned every year. A fifth of them have to get intensive treatment in a burn unit or burn centre. Nowadays, due to the high-technical and high-qualified medical and surgical treatments, the number of patients who survive a traumatically burn injury increase. Through this critical case, people need special treatment by an interdisciplinary team. Nursing staff takes an important role in the treatment and healing process of burn-injured patients. The special challenge for male and female nurses in the treatment of those patients consists of pain management, wound care management, nutrition, rehabilitation and mentoring, as well as caring for the family members and friends during their stay at an intensive care unit.