This thesis deals with the development of the Austrian welfare state after the Second World War. Thereby, especially the restrictive steps since the 1980’s are described. These changes are analyzed with regard to the background of increasing neoliberal politics and demonstrate parallels to the demands of neoliberalism and the development of the Austrian welfare state since the 1980’s. Especially the descriptions of the reforms concerning the retirement plan under the ÖVP/FPÖ government in the years 2000, 2003 and 2004 represent examples for restrictive reforms and neoliberal social politics. As a result, there were enormous benefit cuts and also a transfer of the responsibility for financial security in high age from the community to the individual. At the same time, there were also changes in the welfare state in terms of the requirements for benefits, which become more ambitious caused by the principle of “support and require”.