Restorative Justice in judicial matters implies the mutual engagement and confrontation of offences by all parties involved, thus facilitating reparation on both a psychological and physical level. Restorative methods of conflict resolution are employed worldwide, both within indigenous communities, and increasingly, in formal justice systems. Social workers of the Austrian association “NEUSTART” are actively participating in these processes, as coordinators and mediators. This paper aims to examine the principles and foundations of Restorative Justice. Furthermore, it considers the role that social work plays within the development of a restorative approach to dealing with offences; one which offers an alternative to the conventional retributive logic of societies and justice systems.