This work is about the officialy acknowledged minority ethnic group ‘Roma’. The educational situation of children and related issues are examined in detail. An attempt to explain, why Roma with migration history have poor (school) education, is made through a short debate on historical events, concerning the ethnic group and socio-cultural structures and the resulting action schemes. On the basis of the Austrian school premises under which the teaching principle of intercultural pedagogy should be applied, the situation of autochthonous Roma children and how they can be supportes, are described. Consequently, there is an overview of selected offerings for Roma children and their families which support and promote them in their difficult situation.