The present paper deals with criteria which may lead to old-age poverty and risk of poverty
among women. At the beginning, definitions and concepts of poverty will be covered and the
groups of people concerned by poverty and social exclusion will be introduced. Then, the
term “ageing” as such is investigated, as well as the existing social trends of the structural
change of ageing. The focus of this paper lies on possible fractions within the female employment
history which may have an effect on social security of aged women. Furthermore it
is emphasized, that a poor health and need for care may increase the risk of old-age poverty.
Subsequently, data regarding income of women during retirement provide evidence that oldage
poverty of women actually does exist. Finally, support measures for affected women,
which can be provided by social work, will be shown.