At present, the intercourse with non-German immigrants in Austrian hospitals represents to be difficult. For this reason, the work represents insights to "multiculturalism in nursing" supported by literature collected knowledge. In order to guarantee adequate care, foreign language communication skills are increasingly needed, especially in cultural understanding. Justification: A successful linguistic communication is the necessary basis for a care that conforms to the current standard. Without these skills, no nursing initial clinical interview can be carried out, no planning, implementation and evaluation of care and no information or counseling done, nothing can be planned together with affected people or their relatives. Overcoming language barriers in the care of patients from foreign cultures is not enough to ensure a culturally sensitive care, but it forms a necessary condition therefore, how looking into the underlying literature proves.