This bachelor thesis deals with the theme "care of burn victims in the ICU in terms of body image disturbances". With an introduction in the field of burns is given at the beginning of the work, here is a closer look at the definition of Burn, scald and burn injury. In addition, the main therapeutic interventions, as well as the relevant anatomy to be to contribute to a better understanding of the extent of burn and treated. Another aspect of this work is the body image disturbance is in fire victims, is a more detailed way the importance of cooperation between patient and caregiver. Moreover, the care model by Hildegard Peplau is described in terms of body image disturbances. In particular, the role of the nursing staff and the importance of the relationship between patient and caregiver are explained. Subsequently, the maintenance of burn victims in the ICU will be described in more detail. Finally, the most important nursing issues such as hygiene, infection control, wound management are much more worked out.