The surgical removal of a colorectal carcinoma with stoma is a major turning point in the life of every person concerned. The severity of this operation and its impact requires an optimal professional care in both the pre- and postoperative care, as well as in preparation for release of patients. This work provides readers with an overview of the challenges that nurses need to be grown in this setting. In the present literature review will be discussed at the beginning of the medical basis and thus provides an overview of the diagnosis of "colorectal cancer" and the foundations of the stoma. Following this, the main section, in which describes and explains the most important nursing measures follows. This part begins with the preoperative interventions, then proceeds in the important for the disease prophylaxis, then describes the postoperative care measures, and finally ends with the chapter of counseling as preparation for release.