This paper is concerned with the vegetative state, and intends to reveal deficits regarding the current accommodation situation in Austria. Firstly, an examination of the basic, medical principle of the disease pattern will be conducted. Secondly, accommodation – and health care models will be scrutinised as well as resultant challenges for professional care, and (caring) dependants of patients affected by the vegetative state. Furthermore, this paper comprises methods which can be applied by caring professionals in order to support dependants if the patient is situated at home. To illustrate this aspect, the WHO(Wordl Health Organisation) concept Family Health Nursing, and family counselling will be examined.