The aim of this thesis is to provide an overview of important factors for the development of burnout among nurses in long-term care as well as a description of the assessment instruments and interventions currently used. This work is based on a literature review of burnout research using electronic databases, such as Google Scholar and PubMed. A total of 33 articles were selected, seven of which were systematic literature analyses and 23 were empirical studies. The results showed that age and experience are predictors of burnout. Other factors include a conflict between competing demands on the time and emotional resources of the concerned nurse, as well as an actual or perceived imbalance between their effort and the reward and recognition they receive. Effective interventions include mindfulness-based stress reduction, an increase in supervision and, if necessary, a reduction in the workload.