The current thesis entitled ‚Transition Management for young adult prison inmates and the Significance of Social Competencies’ traces the ‚double transition’ that delinquent young adults have to face (first, the transition from youth to adulthood and second, the transition from detention to freedom). Also, it depicts the resulting challenges: In the critical phase of these transitions the empowerment of social competences and, furthermore, the strengthening of social resources seems to play a key role in facilitating a subsequent life without delinquency. This relationship is emphasized by Anglo-American desistance research which focuses on reasons for desistance from crime. Transition management, as it is currently practiced and executed in the Austrian penal system, may be divided into two differing approaches: On the one hand, measures are being taken to help past delinquents secure their livelihood and on the other hand, psychosocial support structures are being provided. Thus, for the purpose of this thesis, three experts in the field of penal systems were interviewed. The analysis of these interviews leads to conclude that - congruent with current theoretical notions - the empowerment of social competencies as part of the psychosocial support is of great significance. However, considering the lack of resources (in terms of finances, staff, and time) this goal can only be realized rudimentarily at this point in time. Concerning this matter, action is needed.