The aim of this review is to examine the influence of nipple shields on breastfeeding and the midwives’ and health professionals’ role in this matter. A literature search was performed in the databases CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Maternity and Infant Care Database, Medline and ScienceDirect College Edition – Health&Life Sciences. Two reviews, from 2010 and 2015, were found dealing with this topic. The authors of both reviews (McKechnie & Eglash, 2010; Chow et al, 2015) grouped their results in the same categories: physiological responses, premature infants, mothers’ experiences and health professionals’ experiences. These results were compared and analyzed as they were considered to represent the current state of research. Differences in the critical approach by the authors of the reviews and significant limitations in study designs and methods of the included studies, according to McKechnie and Eglash (2010), made it difficult to generalize the results. However, three tendencies were concluded: Firstly, several reports show that nipple shields were assumed as a serious help for women in certain breastfeeding situations, as flat/inverted or sore nipples, and were able to prevent early weaning. Secondly, they may help to compensate immature feeding behavior by making it easier to latch and suck on the nipple. Finally, the instructions, guidance and follow-ups by trained health professionals may be supportive for a successful usage of nipple shields. As a conclusion of the present review, it has to be said that more up-to-date and scientific significant research is needed to be done to be able to give relevant statements on the influence of nipple shields on breastfeeding.