The concept of Empowerment focuses on enstrengthening autonomy and self-determination. This is accomplished firstly by the development of personal resources and societies structural resources and secondly by balancing the power within social relations. Starting in North America around 1990, Empowerment spread and became an integral part of the theoretical and practical professional discourse in German-speaking countries. It has gained significant impact on the perception of the social work profession. Empowerment itself is, nevertheless discussed controversially. The lack of conceptual clarity, a recycling of old ideas and theories and an interpretation according to a neoliberal ideology are criticized. This work analyzes the equally strong acclaimed and critical scientific reception. Prosing the question of what the social work benefits of Empowerment are. Considering that Empowerment is an open ended field, this paper answers that question by examining three main criteria: resources, power and perception of the profession.