In this thesis the situation of arrested women who are, at that time, confronted with pregnancy or motherhood will be explained. First, the possibility of the placement of mothers and children under arrest will be described. In order to understand this complex topic as well as the importance of the mother and child being together, the early development of children as well as the bond between mother and child are, beside the situation of arrested women, part of this thesis. The child’s regularised welfare and the especially designed ward for children and their mothers in prison guarantee the necessary legal and structural conditions for the upbringing of a child. The maintenance and rules of imprisonment as well as the functions of a pedagogic institution become blurred, which leads to certain challenges for the mothers and their children as well as for the pedagogic staff. One of these challenges results from the ambivalences for the involved which arise because of the situation of imprisonment on the one hand and the pedagogic work on the other hand. The mothers, the staff and the children, who establish a relationship due to their close collaboration, have to handle these challenges.