The present work deals with the nursing in the national socialism in Austria, and with the education situation of the nursing people in this time. At the beginning a consideration and analysis of the nursing takes place in the national socialism. The care is described during the second world war and the work of the nursing people in concentration camps. Furthermore the signs are grasped for euthanasia and the beginning as well as the realisation by euthanasia and are described. Moreover, processes are listed euthanasia against Austrian nurses and orderly and the child specialised division „Am Spiegelgrund“ is picked out as a central theme. It is indicated that Austrian nursing people in the situation were to be left to person and even children to the sure death or to lead even the death here. The work indicates that hindered nursing people and, among the rest, psychically ill people have tormented, have ill-treated and have murdered. They have organised the transport of the foster children to the concentration camps and after medical instruction have given deadly injections, or have mixed the patient poison in food. It is indicated which nursing people sat down to the weir and which consequences this caused. The work indicates to what people in a system like the national socialism able are to be protected around itself or because they even think of doing the right thing. It is put the question like the history of the nursing the occupational everyday life is influenced.