The name of this bachelor thesis is “The Child and Youth Services – Has only the name changed, or also the structure and the clientele” and faces the question of changes in the Child and Youth Services in Vienna. In order to deal with this question there will be a representation of the historical career of the Vienna Youth Welfare made. In addition, an examination of the established institutions of the Children and Youth Services in Vienna, as well as their clients is done. Therefore, you will find an example of a case in this thesis, which gives an idea about what is meant by “creative behaving children and adolescents” and also shows an extensive case history. Because of the new federal- child- and youth welfare law from 2013, a part of this thesis deals with the innovations of it. Further, there is a section, which shows special facilities and services of the children and youth services in Vienna.