In this thesis we seek to investigate the hypothesis, that there exists in the interaction between social workers and asylum seekers a considerable potential for conflict due to their contrasting cultural and religious identities. In recent years, the voices advocating a „Clash of Civilizations” (Samuel P. Huntington, 1997) have been ever increasing. This theory proposes that people´s diverging cultural and religious identities are the primary source of conflict in our post-modern era. It is therefore our aim in this thesis, to examine whether, in the branch of social work which deals with asylum seekers, where one would expect there to be the most grievous contrast in cultures and religious beliefs, there truly is a substantive accumulation of conflicts which can be attributed to cultural and religious identity. In the course of this thesis, we specifically survey religious institutions in the expectation that the “Clash of Civilizations” here is greatest and that cultural and religious conflicts therefore will be most numerous. In the course of our qualitative research, we interview five social workers working in the field with asylum seekers, the analysis of which is to be found in the empirical section of this thesis, along with a detailed outline of the research design and the conclusions to which we came. The theoretical part, on the other hand, examines the terms relevant to our project and provides the foundation for the empirical analysis which follows it.