This thesis ”Interdisciplinary Aspects of Temporomandibular Disorders“ deals with applicable complementary and alternative medicine in addition to conventional therapy of temporomandibular disorders. It also covers speech therapeutical aspects and objectives in analysis of selected complementary treatments. Due to the lack of information on temporomandibular disorders, delayed or even wrong therapy is not uncommon. It is a therapy’s primary function to provide an integrated and holistic concept of medicine, availing interdisciplinary work. Complementary and alternative medicine in addition to conventional therapy enriches its process, includes individual aspects and potentially increases efficiency on all levels. Nevertheless, exclusive or poorly reflected use of complementary and alternative medicine is highly problematic and cannot be recommended. Results of this theoretical thesis include the applicability of acupuncture in pain management, positive use-risk-analysis of Alexander technique and recommendations of other relaxation techniques as additional treatments in speech therapy. Craniosacral therapy is seen critically as the concept is proven medically and scientifically wrong. At this point, no discussed complementary concepts are evidence-based; more research needs to be conducted in the future. Besides other implications for professional practice of speech therapy, this thesis advises to treat patients according to a well-aligned and individualized therapy concept.