With more than 500.000 cases reported worldwide annually, Brucellosis is one of the most common types of zoonosis. Although this disease is not considered a serious health concern in Europe, there are enough cases to evaluate the situation statistically. At fist the Morphology of the bacteria, clinical features, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment are explained to establish a better understanding of the disease. Hereafter this thesis investigates the epidemiology of Brucellosis in Europe, comparing countries with a high and low prevalence. Specific studies from different countries are summarized and ana-lyzed to create an overview of the situation in Europe. The outcoming parameters, such as transmission, distribution and demographics, enable to compare the connections and differences between the different countries.