This thesis deals with the pros and cons of psychiatric diagnoses particularly posttraumatic stress disorders during the asylum procedure. Asylum seekers, who are diagnosed as ptsd, represent the ambivalent relationship between a sociopolitical acknowledgment of their traumatic experiences and the stigma of a pathological disorder. In addition to the approach for trauma definitions and trauma concepts this paper looks at the criticism of diagnoses and the psychiatric system, especially the ambiguities of the ptsd-construct. Furthermore, the dynamics which are trauma related during the asylum procedure and the psychiatric examination situation will also be pointed out. Finally, the function of the profession of social work in this multidimensional and complex field will be illustrated. As a profession that intends to support people in difficult life situations mainly through getting access to basic needs and psychosocial help as well, its mission is to initiate sociopolitical processes for change. It is assumed that social work is a human rights profession, so the importance of social work with the focus on asylum seekers also needs to be made visible.