This bachelor thesis approaches the FGM/C, female genital mutilation/ cutting as a focal topic. Though FGM/C is prohibited in the majority of countries worldwide it still remains an important cultural part of many people. Due to traditional, religious, mythological, and sociocultural motives this ritual, which has existed for thousands of years, is still in practice today. Because of FGM/C most women suffer from health- and psychological short-term and long-term consequences, which in turn leads them to consult health care professionals. Transnational migration exposes Austrian nursing staff to the topic of female genital mutilation/ cutting and is contributing to the education and prevention of FGM/C. Conclusions from the literature review call for a need for action with regards to the information, education, and prevention of FGM/C, above all in the health sector. Transcultural competence and intercultural communication skills enable professional nursing staff to build a faithful and thoughtful relationship with affected women. This provides the basis for the battle against FGM/C.