Background: A significant impairment of body perception is pre-determined in patients suffering from chronic nonspecific back pain. As a result of chronic pain, psychophysical and psychomotor disorders occur and that is the reason why it comes to an impairment of the body perception. With regard to pain, the painful sensation is disturbed, due to altered processes in the brain. Objective: The aim of this work was to examine the effect of body perception in the treatment in patients of chronic nonspecific low back pain. Method: It is a non-empirical research work. The literature research was carried out on the databases "PEDro" and "PubMed". It has also been applied to libraries, e.g. The "ECB" of FH Cam-pus Vienna. Results: four RCT's were discussed. Surface for Perceptive Rehabilitation and the back school reduce the pain intensity. In addition, the stability of the trunk is im-proved. Respiratory therapy improved functional limitations due to LBP. Conclusion: Various methods such as respiratory therapy, Feldenkrais method, back-school and Sur-face for Perceptive Rehabilitation influence the condition of the patient.