For many chronically ill kidney patients a kidney transplantation is often the last resort back to a self-determined life. An operation does not cure the chronic condition of the disease, but renews the quality of life and the way of living. However, complications may occur as a result of surgery or further immunosuppressive therapy. The new life section is therefore associated with many challenges and changes that medical staff has to cope with. Those persons concerned should actively participate in the treatment process, so that regular medication intake and thus the health status of organ recipients are strengthened. For this, patients need information and continuous support before and after the operation, in order to enable them to self-manage in the long-term range. The motivation to maintain the therapy also ensures long-term adherence, which is of great significance in chronically ill people.