The purpose of this thesis is to focus on the effects and the motives of begging. The literature part provides the frame of the historical development of begging in general and gives an insight into the current situation. The important role of social exclusion due to begging is also discussed. A large part deals with the legal situation, the begging laws and begging bans. With the help of a SILC study the impact on the risk of poverty is demonstrated. Previous studies indicate the reasons for begging as a long-term phenomenon. To illustrate the serious issue an interview was conducted both with experts in this field and the individuals affected. The evaluation and analysis is reported and compiled in the empirical part. Finally, this work aims to give a comprehensive account of the four essential fields: the social background and individual reasons, work and education, living and homeland, and the correlation of the state and the individual.