In this Thesis, I’m going to present the latest legal changes, which are implemented by the second Adult Protection Act. Beginning with an overview of the current legal state, I’m then going to proceed to present the origin and the development process of the law, explaining why it was necessary to adopt this new legislation. After that, I will follow up by introducing the content of Act, split in two parts. The first part attends to the formal regulations and conceptual definitions. The second part comprises of the material content, also called the “Four Pillar Model”. In the concluding part of the Thesis, I’m going to sum up the gained findings.