This thesis deals with the economization of social work. In particular, it deals with the question "whether economization poses a threat to professional social work?" The significance of power structures and their interweaving with society and the economy form the basis of this literary work. At the beginning, the historical development is presented in the context of the economization of the social. In order to discuss the instrumentalization of social work by the state and the economy, a critical examination of the terms of the activating state and aid vs. Control are sought. The possibilities of adaptation or resistance in the economization are making up the end of the consideration.