The present work deals with the "identity crises" and differential experiences of young people with a migration background, as well as the backgrounds of "being torn back and forth" between the culture of reception and origin. For this reason, the following questions will be worked out in the course of this work: Does the conflict between cultures lead to a disruption and does it create a new youth culture that lives in this conflict and what role does intercultu-ral social work play in this? In empirical research on immigrant youth and the formation of their identity, the not "typical Austrian*r Austrian*in" or "being different" from the majority society was frequently discussed in connection with related problems. In order to deal with the problems, a general and critical examination of the concept of culture is given at the be-ginning of this work. Subsequently, reference is made to identity and migration. The focus here is primarily on the "hybrid identity", which serves as a counter-concept to the cultural conflict. In these chapters you can see which processes and exclusion the young people have to struggle with. Finally, the in-cultural social work and competence will be discussed in more detail, but also critically examined.