The title of the thesis is: “Children as forgotten victims” – children witnessing domestic vio-lence, in particular parental partner violence, in Austria”. This paper deals with the situation of children, who experience(d) domestic violence especially among their parents – children as witnesses of domestic violence. Decisive for the thesis was the question about the effects of children witnessing domestic violence on their personal, social and health regarding situation. Further questions were about the legal basis of domestic violence as well as the resources and coping strategies of the affected children. First of all, the theoretical background of the topic will be explained by giving definitions of the terms “domestic violence”, “partner vio-lence” and “witnesses of violence”. Furthermore, the forms of domestic violence and the types of children witnessing domestic violence as well as the extent of the problem in Austria will be clarified. In the main part, an overview of international regulations and the Austrian legal situation will be given. In addition, potential effects of children witnessing domestic vio-lence on affected children will be explained and strategies applied and resources used by children for coping with the situation of violence will be discussed. The focus of this paper is on the “affected person perspective”. Finally, the results of the thesis will be summarized and continuative considerations and recommendations for the practical implementation will be formulated.