Experts have been trying to establish the concept of fast-track surgery for a few years now and aim to improve the healing process of patients after surgeries in order to reduce costs of health care facilities. This goal could be achieved by reducing the length of hospital stay to a minimum and to strengthen patient’s convalescence at the minimum time necessary.
The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to describe basic elements of the fast-track-concept and furthermore to find out in how far those elements have an impact on each other. In order to be able to illustrate the use of fast track the author has chosen to work with the example of a coronary bypass surgery.
Each chapter aims to describe preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative interventions that are necessary to minimize the risk of potential complications during recovery. Furthermore nursing interventions are described.
One of the most important aspects which should not be forgotten writing about postoperative recovery is the current existing problem of inefficient pain management and its consequences on healing procedures and its impact on the use of other fast-track elements.