The following Bachelor thesis is about Euthanasia in a context with social and ethical aspects. There are also different ways of euthanasia, which are included in this text. Historical and also the juridical basis of euthanasia in the middle European countries Austria, Germany and Switzerland are a part of this thesis. The Laws in these three countries will be compared and analyzed about similarities and differences. Autonomy and self-determination of patients will be discussed. The advance Healthcare directive, which is founded in the Law, is an opportunity to protect the patients will and is also a part of this thesis. An ethical review and the decision making are the last topics which are discussed and analyzed in this thesis.