Is the probation service in upheaval? The concept of a risk-oriented probation service is becoming increasingly widespread and has been implemented for several years in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. By assessing the individual risk-factors associated with crime and processing these using standardised methods of intervention, the risk of reoccurrence among former offenders is thought to be significantly reduced. According to practitioners, this has helped to deal with a glaring issue that has become ever more acute over the last few years and has thus contributed to the further professionalisation of social work. However, there are critics of the approach. Due to the clearly defined structure of the methods which, in looking exclusively on the risk factors presented by the service users and not at a more holistic approach, risk-oriented social work only contributes to the economisation of probation-based social work. Based on the presentation of the current discourses of the economisation and professionalisation of social work, this bachelor thesis aims to illuminate the concept of risk-oriented probation work. The results that come from this may be of interest to students of social work and probation officers.