This thesis deals with the physical, psychological and social burdens and effects of urinary incontinence on the quality of affected people’s life. Involuntary leakage of urine is a widespread problem that occurs worldwide. Due to demographic development, it will become even more important in the future.
Incontinence problems correlate with increased anxiety, depression, exhaustion and significantly reduced quality of life. Affected people restrict the amount of drinking, often suffer from genital inflammation and abstain from sports, sexual intercourse, travelling or participation in events.
By the help of a systematic literature research, this thesis tries to show which opportunities are available to the nursing staff to support affected people and to alleviate their suffering. The results show that consultation sessions are an important instrument for the nursing staff. In these sessions, individually suitable coping strategies as well as various ads and preventive measures can be introduced and elaborated. Further care measures are pelvic floor training as well as bladder training. Further training possibilities should be offered to support nursing stuff with the complex challenges in dealing with people suffering from urinary incontinence.
A great help would be the establishment of urinary continence centres, in which doctors, caregivers and physical therapist work together to develop treatment strategies.