Background: It is the duty of every physiotherapist to treat every person the same. Whether this duty can be fulfilled in practice is worthy of discussion since both physiotherapist and patient succumb to subjective influences. One of these influences can be the sex of the patient or the physiotherapist.
Objective: The main goal is to examine the influence of sex on the physiotherapeutical process.
Methods: A literature research was conducted and based on the outcome, three expert talks were carried out/performed.
Results: The factor of sex has a big effect on all parts of the physiotherapeutical process. Problem areas were the constellations of sex, privacy, sense of shame and religion. Solutions were information, individual expertise, education and change of the therapist in charge.
Conclusion: The knowledge of physiotherapists regarding the effects of sex and gender is limited, which is why advanced training seems to be necessary.