This thesis with the title "Challenges in home care of patients with tracheal cannula" deals with the difficulties faced by relatives or nurses in charge of the care of a patient and how to deal with tracheal cannula as a novice to learn the procedure. Initially, central terminology and indications regarding tracheal cannula are presented. Continuing with the presentation of the current state of research, using selected, topic-specific studies. In this way, an insight into the everyday life of relatives or nursing staff of patients with a tracheal cannula is given and the learning process will be easier to understand. It became clear that everyday life, especially at the beginning, is very difficult, because there are no single solutions, only basic principles. In addition, the learning process of relatives or nursing staff is described as a kind of "wayfinding". Finally, the most important findings are summarized and used as a starting point for the derivation of a research question and the methodology of the Bachelor thesis 2.