This thesis deals with characteristics of Traumatic-Brain-Injury (TBI). It sets the target on the nursing focus points and the observation focus points during the acute phase of a severe Traumatic-Brain-Injury. Especially during this phase, the nursing is very important for the patient. It affects the further recovery of the patient. In the course of this thesis the Traumatic-Brain-Injury, aetiology, diagnosis and the consequences will be clarified. Based on this, the observations focus points will be described relating to monitoring various parameters as ventilation, temperature, intracranial pressure (ICP) etc.
Furthermore, the nursing focus points will be charted as special needs of patients with TBI on intensive care units.