This thesis deals with challenges, which may appear in the accommodation of unaccompanied minor refugees. There is a particular focus on the investigation of whether there are differences in those challenges between the urban area of Vienna and the rural area of Lower Austria. The first part, which is based on literature, covers occurrences, data and facts about the refugees’ movements in the last years and laws, which are being applied during the stay of unaccompanied minor refugees. Possible psychological consequences of the escape, the educational situation and the process of integration are also being described. The second, empirical part begins with a treatise about the used research method and its application. Analyses from the conducted interviews follow. Heads of different facilities in Vienna and Lower Austria, unaccompanied minor refugees and asylum experts were questioned during those interviews. Statements regarding the daily care routine in the institutions, mobility, financial resources of the inhabitants and possibilities for improvements for example are evaluated and categorized. Based on the criticism about lacking postcare, which was expressed during the interviews, a project sketch has been composed. It can be found at the end of this study.