Current key words on impact orientation, impact regulation, impact research and evidence-based practice are becoming increasingly important in an international context. In the present work, these terms are critically reviewed and put into context with the current processes of economization, which have increasingly influenced and restructured social work in recent decades. The definition of impact and the evidence-based practice (EBP) are sketched in the introduction in order to take a closer look at the dimensions of impact orientation. These are composed of the political, economic, scientific and professional dimensions. Finally, it is shown in the summary essay that impacts can be classified on different levels and stringently in neo-liberal transformation processes, and that this dogma therefore has fatal (consequen-tial) impacts on the profession of social work in the German-speaking area and especially in Austria.