Based on the assumption that the transition to adulthood for unaccompanied minor refugees in Austria is associated with massive change, the question with which the following thesis concerns itself is: What are the implications of impending adulthood for young male refugees in Vienna between the ages of 16 – 21, with emphasis on all aspects of life, including the process of asylum, education and housing? The first section of the paper aims at illuminating how the transition to adulthood can be generally defined and what challenges refugees, in relation to the asylum process, housing and support, as well as education both prior and after turning 18, are confronted with. In this section, the disadvantageous starting point the young refugees have in each of the aforementioned areas has already been revealed. The following section contains the results of an empirical study, which subsequently aim to compare and expand on the theory section. Finally, the paper contains an outline proposal, which is geared towards the closing of gaps found in the institutional system.