The introduction of imaging techniques in the study of ancient material has greatly expanded the knowledge of human history. An important step was the simultaneous discovery of x-ray technology by Wilhelm C. Röntgen (1845-1923). It becomes clear that with the development of computed tomography, a new method with high potential for a nondestructive and safe investigation has opened up. For the first time, mummies could be studied more closely without destroying their integrity, preserving their current state of preservation. With the development of MRI, another imaging technique has been developed which, however, has been severely restricted in the study of mummies. Due to the strong dehydration of mummies, image generation was only possible to a limited extent because MR imaging was based on protons. In this work, the question is asked which radiological imaging methods in paleo-radiology can be used in which context and what information each method can provide. In addition, the use of CT and MRI in mummy research is highlighted. For this purpose reference is made to subjectrelated and relevant studies.