This thesis deals with the integration of Afghan refugees, who fled to Austria in the flood of refugees in 2015 and are still in an open asylum procedure. The focus is on mapping the current state of integration in education and work, in conjunction with policy-driven integration measures and their possible changes due to the 2015 refugee flow. Research questions were analyzed with the help of a document analysis of the 2015, 2016 and 2017 National Action Plans, additionally they will be answered by using a written standardized questionnaire on questions of education skills and professional knowledge of Afghan refugees. The integration measures, implemented in Austria, did not detect any major changes due to the refugee flow in 2015. Based on the results of the survey, the current level of integration of Afghan asylum seekers from the refugee stream in 2015 can be classified as mediocre with space for improvement. Furthermore, theoretical perspectives of integration research according to Hartmut Esser were picked up and compared with the results obtained. Due to legal requirements, Afghan asylum seekers do not get beyond phase one of the "culturation according to Esser" during the asylum procedure. Therefore, their level of integration in the areas of education and work in Austria in total should not be rated preeminent.