The increasing use of electric vehicles is one potential step to achieve the climate targets by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases. The feasibility of such a measure however, is mainly dependent on the financial incentive for a company. This work analyzes the ecological and economic potential of electrifying the fleets of mobile care services in Vienna at the example of 5 selected companies. In fully standardized interviews representatives of these companies provided information about the composition of the fleet, the mobility patterns as well as special requirements to the company vehicles. This was used to compare different models of electric vehicles to their equivalent conventional model in a detailed total cost of ownership analysis. Dependent on the life cycle and the annual kilometrage, for only two of five companies the electrification is predicted to be economically advantageous. The life cycle analysis yielded very consistent results. The output of greenhouse gases, nitrogen oxide as well as the cumulative energy demand can be reduced by changing to electric vehicles in all assessed scenarios. Only the output of particulate matter would be increased due to the production of the battery.
According to an estimate there are 978 vehicles used by mobile care services in Vienna. If all of them would be electrified the output of greenhouse gasses could be reduced by 1,427 t CO2 eq.
Finally, this work provides a catalogue of criteria to give an overview of the main factors that influence the decision to switch to an electric vehicle. This might help companies to estimate the feasibility and guide their choice of the most suitable car.