This thesis deals with opportunities and risks for social enterprises with work integration goals related to the future implementation of the EU-Procurement Directive (RL 2014/24/EU) in Austria. The directive seeks to facilitate a social, job-creating and sustainable procurement across the EU. To reach this goal, the directive introduces two main components: social criteria (e.g., employment of long-term unemployed) and reserved contracts for Work Integration Social Enterprises. The theoretical part discusses the role and exceptional position of Work Integration Social Enterprises, the key challenge of long-term unemployment, the current Federal Procurement Act 2006 in Austria and finally the relevant components of the directive, containing good practice examples in France and Spain. The empirical part presents the results of a qualitative study. In this study, I conducted eight expert interviews. The experts included contract authorities, managers from socio-economic enterprises and non-profit education & training providers as well as procurement specialists. The experts confirm the economic focus in public procurement as the main challenge for social enterprises. The implementation of the directive would create fair and sustainable working conditions for the long-term unemployed and social expenditure could be decreased. However, the experts are also concerned that the contracting authorities have too little knowledge regarding social clauses. Therefore, a support structure needs to be developed to ensure a successful implementation of the directive.