This master thesis examines the question of how the biological parents of foster children, experience the placement of their child in another home and the cooperation with child and youth welfare services during this process. Assuming that the family of origin is the least researched and described aspect of foster care, the results of this work are intended to close this gap in research. For a better understanding of this research, a theoretical overview on the legal foundations of this topic, as well as on the findings of existing studies is given at the beginning of this thesis. The research questions investigate experiences of biological parents in the process of external accommodation of their child. Moreover, this research focuses on procedures and actions of child care specialists as well as their effects on biological parents during the process of placement. A further goal of the research Is gaining more knowledge fort the practice of social work. On the basis of in-depth interviews with biological parents and the subsequent hermeneutic analysis of the interview material, results were drawn for the research questions presented above. The special feature of this qualitative evaluation method is that, in addition to what the interviewees have actually said, latent meanings are also analysed and interpreted. The results show similar experiences of the interviewed parents. Aspects such as placement as a repetition of the family history, the task of developing a new role as a parent and the right of contact were investigated.
The cooperation with the child and youth welfare service as well as the supervision of professional employees show different experiences among participating families. Fears and contradictions, lack of trust and question of competence are, among others, important realizations. For the practice of social work these results show a necessity of consistent cooperation between biological parents and social workers. Moreover, an intense examination of the right of contact for the family of origin, as well as a method which permits biological parents to experience partiality is necessary. In addition, social work in child and youth welfare must give families of origin the opportunity to work on their child's placement, but also, if available, on their own history of external placement. In addition, it is important for social workers to create opportunities for parents of origin to find their new role as parents of a foster child and to experience moments in which they nevertheless do not seem indispensable for their child. The internal professional discussion of social workers with topics concerning external placement and care conditions such as coercion and insecurity can also be seen as an important insight of this work.