This thesis is primarily concerned with the transformation of the image of women and the evolution of elementarpedagoges in the 1950s and 1960s. Through an examination of lit-erature and an empirical case study, which was collected through an interview, the theory could be linked with practice. With the associated reduction of data material the central research question is: "In what ways can changes in the image of women and the image of the family in the 1950s and 1960s be found in elementary education?" (vgl. Mayring 2008: 74). In order to be able to grasp the issue, both changes in the legal situation and changes in the prevailing trends in society have been addressed. This shows that there was a change between the 1950s and 1960s, which affected both areas, the image of women and the development of kindergarten. The woman was seen more as a selfemployed indi-vidual in society and began to work more, increasing the need for out-of-home care and kindergartens gaining more importance. New laws were created for women and the es-tablishment and maintenance of kindergartens was recorded by a bill of law. Through a case analysis, the theory is combined with the practice and it is trying to trace a historical course of the 1950s and 1960s. At the end of the bachelor thesis, pedagogical conclusions for the practice are defined and a conclusion is given.